Egs. America, umbrella, famous, teacher, second, ago
All the words in bold in the following sentence are pronounced with Schwa:
I can swim but I can’t ride a bike for the life of me.
|e||yes, help,ten, pet, very, red|
|but also||riend, breakfast, bread, any, said|
|usually “ir” “ur”
|bird girl first thirdturn burn purse
her verb stern
|but also “ear” / “or”||learn work word world earn|
VERBAL STRATEGIES – USING A DESCRIPTION WHEN YOU DON’T KNOW THE RIGHT WORD:
It looks (a bit/rather) like a…. but it’s got/hasn’t got……
It’s a type/kind/sort of….
It’s (usually/often/frequently) made of…
It’s used for + -ing/It’s used to + bare infinitive…..
It’s something that…
It’s how/what you feel when/if/whenever….
It’s what you/people do when…
It’s a person that/who…
It’s what happens when…
Try to describe the following words to your partner. He/She has to guess what you are talking about. DO NOT USE THE WORD IN ANY FORM IN THE DESCRIPTION!
|STUDENT A||STUDENT B|
TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE:
present simple for timetables – The train leaves at 3 o’clock. (It’s 12 o’clock now.)
present continuous for plans – I’m playing tennis with Steve this afternoon. With a time expression. (He and I have arranged to meet.)
“going to” future for intentions – I’m going to study journalism when I leave school. (I don’t have a place at University, but I’d like to.)
“will” future for predictions and promises – Tomorrow it’ll rain all day. I’ll phone you this evening.
HAVE A CHAT WITH YOUR PARTNER ABOUT WHAT YOU’LL DO … ARE DOING … ARE GOING TO DO…. IN THE FUTURE.
TRY TO USE A VARIETY OF TENSES. YOU DON’T ALWAYS HAVE TO ANSWER WITH THE SAME TENSE AS THE QUESTION.
What are you doing tomorrow?
I’m not sure, my boyfriend’s going away for the weekend, so I’ll probably go shopping
COMPOUNDS OF SOME, ANY, NO, EVERY
1. somebody 2. nothing 3. something 4. everything
5. No one 6. somebody 7. anywhere 8. everywhere
1. something 2. somebody 3. anything 4. anywhere 5. somebody
6. anybody 7. something 8. something 9. somebody 10. anything
KEY: somewhere/ everywhere/nobody/anywhere/something/anybody
1. anybody/nobody 2. everywhere 3. nothing/everything/anywhere
4. anywhere/nowhere 5. anything/something
EXPRESSING SYMPATHY AND INDIFFERENCE
WAYS TO EXPRESS INDIFFERENCE OR INTEREST ABOUT WHAT SOMEBODY IS TELLING YOU.
|I don’t care. (IMPOLITE)
I couldn’t care less. (IMPOLITE)
I couldn’t give a hoot. (IMPOLITE)
It doesn’t matter.
It doesn’t matter to me.(IMPOLITE)
Hard cheese! (IMPOLITE)
Oh, really. (Uninterested, sarcastic intonation) (IMPOLITE)
So what? (IMPOLITE)
Who cares? (IMPOLITE)
I don’t give a damn/toss/f—k! (IMPOLITE/RUDE!!)
|I don’t mind (at all).I’m glad (to hear it/ about that).
Oh, really! (Interested intonation)
That is great/fantastic, etc
SAY THINGS TO YOUR PARTNER THAT YOU THINK MIGHT INTEREST HIM/HER. YOUR PARTNER MUST RESPOND WITH SYMPATHY OR INDIFFERENCE.
HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES:
Do you realise the general elections are just around the corner?
Ouch! I’ve broken a nail!
My dad’s just been fired.
I won €100,000 in the lottery last week.
Could we turn the heating up a bit, please?
Next week there’ll be no English class.
I think I’m going to get myself a tatoo. What do you think?