NI-2 UNIT-5

ACTIVITY 1

The Third Conditional

We make the third conditional by using the past perfect after ‘if’ and then ‘would have’ and the past participle in the second part of the sentence:

  • if + past perfect, …would + have + past participle

It talks about the past. It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.

  • If she had studied, she would have passed the exam (but, really we know she didn’t study and so she didn’t pass)
  • If I hadn’t eaten so much, I wouldn’t have felt sick (but I did eat a lot, and so I did feel sick).
  • If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn’t have missed the plane
  • She wouldn’t have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier
  • She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university
  • He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

Third Conditional Exercise

IF + PAST PERFECT , WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE + IF + PAST PERFECT 

Fill the gap using the verb in brackets. Think very carefully about the meaning of the phrase before deciding whether to use a negative or positive verb form.

1

I wouldn’t be angry if you _____________________ my chocolate mousse. (to eat)

2

If he had known you were in hospital, he _____________________ you. (to visit)

3

We wouldn’t have come by taxi if we _____________________ the right bus. (to find)

4

We would have visited the Prado gallery if we _____________________ time. (to have)

5

If you hadn’t been asking me questions all the time, I _____________________ the film.(to enjoy)

6

If I _____________________ your number, I would have phoned.(to know)

7

If just one person had remembered my birthday, I _____________________ sad. (to be)

8

I would have understood the film if it _____________________ in German. (to be*)

9

They _____________________ to see you if they hadn’t been away. (to come)

10

If she  _____________________ on a double yellow line, she wouldn’t have got a fine. (to park)

11

If I’d known you were coming, I _____________________ a cake. (to bake)

12

If she _____________________ the shed unlocked, they wouldn’t have stolen her bike. (to leave)

13

If you had told me about the concert, I _____________________. (to go)

14

The storm _____________________ a lot of damage if it had come this way. (to do)

15

The holidays would have been great if the weather _____________________ better. (to be)

KEY

The Third Conditional – Answers

1

I wouldn’t have been angry if you hadn’t eaten my chocolate mousse.

2

If he had known you were in hospital, he would have visited you.

3

We wouldn’t have come by taxi if we had found the right bus.

4

We would have visited the Prado gallery if we had had time.

5

If you hadn’t been asking me questions all the time, I would have enjoyed the film.

6

If I had known your number, I would have phoned.

7

If just one person had remembered my birthday, I wouldn’t have been sad.

8

I would have understood the film if it hadn’t been in German.

9

They would have come to see you if they hadn’t been away.

10

If she  hadn’t parked on a double yellow line, she wouldn’t have got a fine.

11

If I’d known you were coming, I’d have baked a cake.

12

If she hadn’t left the shed unlocked, they wouldn’t have stolen her bike.

13

If you had told me about the concert, I would’ve gone.

14

The storm would’ve done a lot of damage if it had come this way.

15

The holiday would’ve been great if the weather had been better.

 Click on the track to hear me reading the sentences with the contractions.


LINKS

ADD “HAD” OR “WOULD HAVE” TO EACH SENTENCE

http://www.better-english.com/grammar/con31.htm

FILL IN GAPS

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/3cond1.htm

ACTIVITY 2

Speak about what would/wouldn’t have happened.

Eg. If Sarah’s alarm clock had gone off (hubiera sonado), she wouldn’t have bben in a hurry.

If she hadn’t been in a hurry, she wouldn’t have forgotten her passport.

etc

(AUDIO TO HELP PRONUNCIATION _ I WILL ADD THIS SOON!)

POSSIBLE ANSWERS:

IF HER ALARM CLOCK HAD GONE OFF SHE WOULDN’T HAVE HAD TO GET DRESSED QUICKLY AND SHE WOULDN’T HAVE FORGOTTEN HER PASSPORT.

IF SHE HADN’T FORGOTTEN HER PASSPORT, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE HAD TO RETURN HOME.

IF SHE HADN’T RETURNED HOME, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE HAD TO TAKE A TAXI.

IF SHE HADN’T HAD TO TAKE A TAXI, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE HAD TO RUN ALL THE WAY BACK TO THE AIRPORT.

IF SHE HADN’T RUN BACK TO THE AIRPORT, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE MISSED HER FLIGHT.

IF SHE HADN’T MISSED HER FLIGHT, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE BOUGHT A BOOK.

IF SHE HADN’T GONE TO BUY A BOOK, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN ARRESTED.

IF SHE HADN’T BEEN ARRESTED, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN DETAINED AND MISSED HER FLIGHT AGAIN!!

NOW LISTEN TO ME READING THE SENTENCES.

ACTIVITY 3

SPEAKING

Conversation Questions
Poverty, Food Programmes, Welfare, Homeless

USE EXPRESSIONS LIKE:

regarding….concerning….as for….as far as — is concerned…as regards

to introduce your ideas

  • What is poverty?
  • What kind of problems do poor people have?
  • Why are people hungry?
  • Do you feel sorry for people who live on the street?
  • Are people who live on the street necessarily lazy?
  • Do you believe that the rich are growing richer, and the poor are growing poorer?
  • Shouldn’t all people work for a living?
  • Would you pay more taxes, if this would eliminate poverty by creating jobs for everyone?
  • Will there always be poverty in the world?
  • Should countries send troops to foreign countries to fight terrorism, or should governments fight poverty around the world instead?
  • Are there more important issues than poverty? If so, name them in order of importance.
  • Why does every country in the world have poor people?
  • Do you consider yourself to be poor, middle-class, or rich?
  • What country do you think has the best record for helping its poor?
  • What country do you think has the worst record for helping its poor?
  • Does poverty cause crime?

Food Programs

  • Have you ever donated to the food bank?
  • Have you ever thought about going to the food bank?
  • Do you know anyone who has gone to church for food?
  • What programs does your city have for feeding the needy?
  • What food programs does your country have?
  • Have you ever used a food program after a natural disaster?

Welfare

  • What do you think about people receiving welfare?
  • Should the government fund the welfare system?
  • What do you think of countries that do not have a welfare system?
  • What do you think about people who work for cash and receive welfare as well?
  • Should governments invest money in space missions or welfare?
  • Would you eliminate the welfare system?
  • Do you think it’s okay for the government to keep decreasing the welfare amount?
  • How long should someone receive welfare? Forever?
  • What is a good reason for someone to receive welfare?
  • What punishment would you give someone who is on welfare illegally, but has lots of money?
  • Would you report welfare fraud to the police, even if it were a close friend?
  • Should welfare recipients receive free housing?

Homeless

  • Have you ever talked to a homeless person?
  • Are there homeless people in your country?
  • Have you ever helped a homeless person? How?
  • How does the government in your country support the homeless?
  • What do you think of governments who put the homeless in jails or even torture or kill them?
  • Do you think the government should create jobs for the homeless, instead of just giving them money?
  • Why do people end up being homeless?
  • Have you ever visited a homeless shelter?

ACTIVITY 4

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

RICH & POOR

Discussion questions:______ask and answer

USE EXPRESSIONS LIKE:

regarding….concerning….as for….as far as — is concerned…as regards

to introduce your ideas

1. What kind of aid should the governments of rich countries give to poor countries?

2. “Population control is more important in rich countries than in poor countries since

rich babies consume much more of the world’s resources than poor ones.”

3. “Economic Unions made up of rich countries are a form of protectionism which

prevents fair trade with Third World countries.”

4. “Economic colonialism where multinational companies provide most of the work

opportunities is just as bad as colonialism where poor countries belong to rich ones.”

5. “It is right for rich countries to have strict immigration controls to stop people from

poorer countries entering them and sharing in their better standard of living.”

6. “Immigration should not be limited to people of similar race and culture. We should

welcome the opportunity of a truly multi-racial society.”

7. “Everybody should be encouraged to do Voluntary Service Overseas (i.e. to live and

work in the Third World) so that we can understand the problems of poorer

countries and make a contribution to help them.”

8. Would you like to be an overseas volunteer in a Third World country? If so,

which one and how could you contribute to that country’s development?

9. Are the poor poor because they are poor or because they are lazy?

ACTIVITY 5

PRONUNCIATION

[v]

[b]

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